A question and answer in the building terminology
Source: | Author:lichengcn | Publish time: 2017-08-24 | 18 Views | Share:
A question and answer in the building terminology
      Building area -- the floor area refers to the horizontal area surrounded by the outer wall of the building. If the area of high and high buildings is calculated, it is the sum of each floor area.The building area includes the usable area of the house, the area of the wall column, the floor area of the staircase, the other public area, etc.
      Use area -- the area used is the sum of net areas directly used by the user in each level plane.The calculated use area can be used to directly reflect the use of the building area, but the price is generally not used in residential sales.There are some special rules for calculating the area of use: the total area of the indoor stairway in the loft is calculated by the total area of the natural layer.Not included in the structural area of the chimney, air duct, pipeline well are included in the area of use;Interior wall decoration thickness is taken into use area.The calculation of residential rent is based on the area of use.
      Public area -- the common area refers to the total area of public corridors, staircases, staircases, and water tanks that are set up for the convenience, normal communication and security of the people in the building.The construction area that the developer calculates when selling commodity house has the apportionment of public area.
      Practical area - it is the "building area" after deducting the public apportionment area...
      Living area -- the living area of the residence is the sum of the net area of the bedroom that is directly used by the residents in each floor of the residential building.The so-called net area is to remove the horizontal area (i.e., the structural area) occupied by building components such as walls and columns.As a measure of the area of living standard.
      Cover area - commonly known as "floor tile area".It is the concept of a content space after the building of the building that occupies the space such as the column body and the wall.
      Auxiliary area - auxiliary area refers to the indoor net area which is not directly provided to the residents in each floor of the building.Include corridor, kitchen, toilet, toilet, store room and so on.
      Total building area -- the building area of the house is the building area which the owners jointly possess or use together.
      The utility rate is the ratio of the interior construction area to the residential area, which is greater than the utilization rate.The utility rate = set inside floor area/set inside floor area + share common Shared room construction area of "studio" refers to the width of a house in the actual distance between side wall to the other side wall.Because it is the width of one nature, so it is also called open room.It is generally not more than 3.0m - 3.9m, and the construction of brick and concrete structures is not more than 3.3m.It can shorten the space span of the floor space and enhance the integrity, stability and earthquake resistance of the building.Bay is 5 meters, 7 meters wide bay deep can provide users with a 40-50 square meters even larger living space, compared with the same construction area of the small studio, halve the main wall, use area increased by 2%, to facilitate agile partition, renovation.
      Depth - in architecture, the actual length of an independent house or a dwelling building formerly from the wall to the back wall.Deep and deep houses can save land effectively, but in order to ensure that the built buildings have good natural lighting and ventilation conditions, there is a certain requirement in the design, not too large.At present, the depth of a large number of urban residential rooms in China is limited to about 5 meters, which cannot be expanded arbitrarily.
      Layer height - it usually includes the lower floor or floor of the floor to the upper floor.
      The net height is the net residual value of the floor thickness minus the thickness of the floor.
      Standard layer -- the standard layer refers to the same residential floor as the flat.
      Balcony - the balcony is to point to the space that allows habitant to undertake outdoor activity, air to hang clothes.
      Platform - the platform refers to the roof of the person who is making an outdoor activity for the occupant or an outdoor part of the ground floor.
      Corridor - corridor refers to the horizontal traffic space used outside the house.
      Basement -- the basement is the height of the floor below the floor of the room that exceeds the height of the room.
      Porch - porch is where the first step of the entry is located, it is a buffer transition area.The bedroom is the "territory" of the family, pay attention to certain illicit close sex, the door opens, have porch cut off, outsider to indoor can't have a glance at all.The porch is commonly connected with the hall, because function is different, need to dispatch adornment means to divide it is oneself people go home, also want to have a place that puts umbrella, put up raincoat, change shoes, the place that puts  bag.At ordinary times, porch is also accept mail, simple meeting guest place.
      Partition - partition refers to the making of light materials, specifically as the roof or non-top component of the space.
      Passageway - corridor refers to the horizontal traffic space used in the house.
      Parapet, due to the limitation of building waterproof materials, before the roof is slope roof of the building, a large number of slope roof building of monotonous, then put out the outer walls of the building roof is high, make the facade of the building modelling is novel and chic, to the girls as beautiful, people call this part and place the outer walls of the roofing parapet.The women's wall not only enriches the building facade, but also the outer protective structure of the roof, ensuring the safety of the roofing person and maintenance.
      Single - yuan residence - a form of residential building in a multi-storey, high-rise building;Normally, there is only one staircase in each floor, and the household is directly entered by the stair platform, which can be arranged for 24 to 28 households.So each stair control area is also called a residential unit.
      The jump layer type commodity house - refers to the house with the upper and lower floors, the living room, living room, living room, bathroom, kitchen and other auxiliary rooms, and adopts the small staircase connected with the indoor one-use.
      Duplex commercial housing -- an economical house designed by the architect of Hong Kong, is to build a sandwich layer in a higher floor, thus forming the upper and lower floors.